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ASHBURTON

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"ASHBURTON is an ancient parliamentary borough and neat market town, principally in three good streets, with many neat houses and well-stocked shops, and two good inns and posting houses. Before the opening of the railways, it was a great thoroughfare for coaches, vans, &c., between Plymouth and London. It is distant 19 miles S.S.W. of Exeter, 24 miles N.E.. by E. of Plymouth, . . . The parish of Ashburton is co- extensive with the borough, and comprises 6936A. 3A. 9P. of land, beautifully diversified with hills and valleys, and generally fertile, though skirted on the west by the lofty hills and barren summits of Dartmoor Forest. It had 3080 inhabitants in 1801, and 4165 in 1831, but in 1841 they had decreased to 3841, owing to the decline of the serge and blanket manufacture. . . The PARISH CHURCH (St. Andrew,) is a spacious cruciform structure with a tower rising from the centre to the height of 90 feet, and crowned by pinnacles at the corners, and by a semi-octagonal turret on its southern face. . . The vicarage, valued in K.B. £38. 8s. 11½d., and in 1831 at £639, with the perpetual curacies of Bickington and Buckland-in-the-Moor annexed to it, is in the patronage of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter. . . Near the church stood the ancient Chapel of St. Lawrence, of which the ancient tower and spire are still standing, but the body was rebuilt about a century ago, and is now the Grammar school, . . . The Wesleyans, Baptists, and Independents, have chapels in the town. . . Sunday Schools are attached to the church and chapels. An Infant School is supported chiefly by the vicar, and the parish has two endowed schools, and various charities for the poor. Here is also a Subscription Library, containing about 2000 volumes. . ." [From White's Devonshire Directory (1850)]
A parish in Teignbridge Hundred, a Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter, that had 3080 inhabitants in 1801. Regarded as part of the Dartmoor area.

General information:

Biography

Aitken, Ian. Portrait of an artist: Mark Gibbons. Dartmoor Country Mag. no. 3, (1998) pp.36-37: ill. [Artist]
Amery, Peter Fabyan Sparke. Peter Fabyan Sparke Amery 1839-1907 and John Sparke Amery 1845- 1929, (1934) 17p: ill. [Westcountry Studies Library: s920/AME]
Cole, G. D. H. Richard Carlile, 1790-1843 (Fabian Society. Biographical series: no. 13), London, Victor Gollancz (1943) 38 pp. [Westcountry Studies Library: s920/CAR]
Cox, Marion. Ancestors at Trafalgar, Devon Family Historian, vol. 116, (Nov 2005) p.8. [John Murch, father & son, and William Ferris]
Dymond, Robert. Memoir of John Dunning, first Lord of Ashburton, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 8 (1876). pp.82-112. [Index]
Elliot, E.A.S. Notes from an unpublished ms. of a contemporary of Colonel Montagu: Dr. A.G.C. Tucker of Ashburton. Trans. Devon. Assoc. vol. 32, (1900) pp. 271-276. [Naturalist, 1778-1807] [Index]
Fenton, S.J. Richard Carlile: his life and masonic writings, Trans. Quatuor Coronati Lodge, vol. 49, (1936) pp.83-121. [Westcountry Studies Library: s920/CAR]
Harpley, W. Obituary notices: Walter Soper Gervis, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 24, (1892) pp.42-43. [Medical practitioner] [Text]
Harpley, W. Obituary notices: Henry Tozer. Trans. Devon. Assoc. 26, (1894) pp.50. [Lawyer] [Text]
Hawker, Rev Treasurer. Two Ashburton Scholars, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 8 (1876). pp.526-546. [John Ireland and William Gifford] [Index]
Love, Colonel H. D. (1922) Report on the Palk Manuscripts, in the possession of Mrs. Bannatyne of Haldon, Devon. Historical Manuscripts Commission, London (1922). [Sir Robert Palk (1717-1798)]
Palmes, Shan. Cry George ... for help with a horse. Dartmoor Magazine no. 20, (1990) pp.8-9; ill. Mr. George, Saddler]
Thomas, Hazel. Luck and Researches, Devon Family Historian, vol. 106, (2003) pp.23-25. [Re John Skinner - reprints a 1914 newspaper obituary]
Webb, Pete. An Ashburton lady photographer: Miss Amy Satterly [1881-1965], Dartmoor Magazine, vol. 50, (1998) pp.16-17: ill.
Wiener, Joel H. Radicalism and freethought in nineteenth century Britain: the life of Richard Carlile, Westport, Greenwood Press (1983) 284 pp. [ISBN: 0313235325] [Westcountry Studies Library: s920/CAR]
Windeatt, T.W. John Knowles, FRS. Trans. Devon. Assoc. vol. 28, (1896) pp.338-341. [Writer, 1781-1841] [Index]

Cemeteries

MIs for this parish are included in the Devon FHS index - see under Cemeteries on the main Devon page.

The Ashburton Digital Archive provides a listing and photographs of the Memorials in the St Andrews Churchyard.

Whitmore, J.B. Devonshire Monumental Inscriptions, MS at Society of Genealogists (1951). [Extracts]

Church History

Ashburton - from J. Stabb. Some Old Devon Churches (London: 1908-16).

St Andrew's Church, Ashburton website - history, photographs, etc.

Listing of the Vicars of St Andrews Church, provided by John Williams.

Ashburton Parochial Church Council. A guide to St. Andrews Parish Church, Ashburton, Exeter, W.M. Pollard (printer) (1947) 20p, 4p of plates: ill. [Westcountry Studies Library: 726.5/ASH/ASH]
Cornelius, C F. St Andrew's Church, Ashburton History and Description of the Fabric. Trans. Devon. Assoc. 91 (1959) pp.45-70.
Crippen, T.G. Congregationalism in Ashburton. Congregational History Society Tr. 12, 4 (1934) pp.186-192. [Raymond: Includes biog. information on ministers.]
Hanham, H.J. The suppression of the chantries in Ashburton [1545-1548], Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 99, (1967) pp.111-137.
Hughes, T. Cann. Vicars of Ashburton since the Commonwealth. Trans. Devon Assoc. 56 (1924) pp.185-193.
Sharp, Vernon. Devon churches. Devon Life vol. 7 no. 57 (1971) pp.16-18; ill. [St Andrew's]
Sturdy, Erica. Saint Lawrence Chapel: a brief history of St. Lawrence Chapel and Ashburton Grammar School, Ashburton, Guild of St. Lawrence (1998) 12 pp. [Westcountry Studies Library: p726.4/ASH/STU]
Windeatt, Edward. Early Nonconformity in Ashburton, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 38, (1896) pp.228-237. [Nonconformists, 1612-1739] [Index]
Windeatt, Edward. The story of Ashburton Congregational Church, (1915). [Westcountry Studies Library: s285/ASH/WIN]
Historical sketch of the Independent Chapel Ashburton founded 1665; also an account of the re-opening services ... 1892, Totnes, Times Office (1892) 13 pp. [Westcountry Studies Library: p285.8/ASH/HIS]

Church Records

Parish Registers going back to 1603 are held in the Devon Record Office - for details see Parish Registers in the Devon Record Office.

Transcripts of the Parish Registers going back to 1603 are held in a special collection in the Westcountry Studies Library - for details see Parish Registers in the Devon & Cornwall Record Society's Collection.

The Devon FHS publishes indexes covering (as of June 2004): Marriages 1754-1837, Burials 1813-1837 - for details see their book list.

Other churches and chapels (with pre-1840 records):

Entered into the IGI (as of Jan 1993): Parish Church Christenings 1603-1837, Marriages 1603-1837, Wesleyan Chapel Christenings 1801-1836.
Birch, W.M. The Parish Register of Ashburton and Buckland in the Moor. Trans. Devon. Assoc. 28 (1896) pp.238-243. [Index]
Butcher, J.H. The Parish of Ashburton as it appears from the Churchwardens' Accounts, A.D. 1479-1580, with notes and comments. Yates and Alexander (1870). [Index]
Hanham, Alison (ed.) Churchwardens' accounts of Ashburton, 1479-1580. [Exeter]: Devon & Cornwall Record Society, 1978 1970, xxiii, 238 pp.
Ashburton Independent Chapel Baptisms Book - 1777-1837, Exeter, Devon Family History Society, (Booklet & PDF D036). [Foreword]
Ashburton Independent Chapel Baptisms Register - 1840-1881 , Exeter, Devon Family History Society, (Booklet & PDF D089). [Foreword]
Ashburton Independent Chapel Baptisms Register - 1840-1881, Exeter, Devon Family History Society D088. [Names included in the overall index published as "Rich man, poor man, beggar man, thief" (CD 023).
An index of baptisms (1813-1839), marriages (1754-1837) and burials (1813-1837) in the parishes of Ashburton, Bickington, Bovey Tracey, Buckland in the Moor, Hennock, Highweek, Ideford, Ilsington, Kingsteignton, Lustleigh, Manaton, Moretonhampstead, North Bovey, Teigngrace and Widecombe in the Moor. Photographs of the churches and extracts from White's Devonshire Directory 1850., CD-ROM, Exeter, Devon FHS (2011). [Ashburton Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Ashburton Independent Chapel Bapt: 1817-1839; Bickington Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1771-1837; Bovey Tracey Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Bovey Tracey Baptist Chapel, Bur: 1784-1837; Buckland in the Moor Bapt: 1813-1851, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1737-1840; Hennock Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Highweek Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1838, Bur: 1813-1837; Ideford Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1755-1837, Bur: 1800-1837; llsington Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1838; Kingsteignton Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Lustleigh Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1785-1837; Manaton Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1755-1837, Bur: 1813-1843; Moretonhampstead Bapt: 1813 1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; North Bovey Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Teigngrace Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1755-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Widecombe in the Moor Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837]

Court Records

Parsons, Hamlyn. The Court Entries of the Borough of Ashburton, 1747-1805. Devonshire Association Trans., vol. 87 (1955) pp. 239-249.
Register of Freeholders - Teignbridge, Tiverton, West Budleigh & Winkleigh c1816, Exeter, Devon Family History Society, (Booklet & PDF D135). [Foreword]

Description and Travel

Ashburton Town Council's very informative web-site - photographs, history, general information.

Conservation Area Appraisal for Ashburton - an interesting account of the area, with numerous photographs and maps.

Crossing, William. Guide to Dartmoor: Southern and Western Section comprising: Princetown, Two Bridges, Hexworthy & Post Bridge Districts, Asburton, Brent, Ivybridge, and Cornwood Districts, and Plympton, Shaugh, Yelverton, and Dousland Districts. With Maps and Sketches, Exeter, (c191-).
Pomery, J.S. (comp.). The Borough guide to Ashburton, Cheltenham, E.J. Burrow (1910) 40p: ill, map. [Westcountry Studies Library: pB/ASH 1/1910/BOR]
Risdon, John. History, enterprise and charm - John Risdon explores Ashburton. Dartmoor Country Mag. no. 7, (1999) pp.10-12: ill.
Rowe, Charles R. Guide to the West of England holiday resorts. Part 6: Ashburton and neighbourhood, Plymouth, Western Morning News (1908) 32p: ill. [Westcountry Studies Library: pDEV/1908/ROW]
Searley, A.W. (comp.). A book about Ashburton, (1896) 290p: ill. [Westcountry Studies Library: sB/ASH 1/0001/BOO] [A collection of pamphlets, writings & pictures bound together]
Webb, Pete. The Pubs and Inns of Ashburton. Pinhoe, Exeter: Obelisk Publications. [ISBN 1899073108].
Worthy, Charles. A local guide to Ashburton, (1879). [Westcountry Studies Library: sB/ASH 1/1879/LOC]
Varder's local guide to Ashburton; Holne Chase and Dartmoor, Ashburton, L.B. Varder (1879) 32, [2] pp. [Torquay Library: D977]
Ashburton: The southern gate of Dartmoor (Homeland handy guides: no. 34), London, Homeland Association (1910) 32, xviiip: ill. [Westcountry Studies Library: pB/ASH 1/1910/ASH]
Official guide to Ashburton, South Devon, Ashburton, Ashburton U.D.C (198-) 47p : ill, map. [North Devon Athenaeum: DP910ASH/ASH]

Directories

Transcription of the description given in White's Devonshire Directory of 1850.

Transcription provided by Val Henderson of the entry (description and names) in Morris and Co's Commercial Directory and Gazetteer of Devonshire 1870.

Brown, Mike. Trade Directory for Ashburton 1850, 1870, 1878, Dartmoor Press (2001).

Gazetteers

The transcription of the section for this parish from the National Gazetteer (1868), provided by Colin Hinson.

Genealogy

The Online Parish Clerk scheme's representative for this parish is Linda Phillips, who invites queries and lookup requests. (Resources: Censuses 1841-1901; PRs on fiche; tombstone index.)

Dartmoor Press Online Magazine's page for this parish (archived copy), with articles, transcriptions, publication details, etc. - highly recommended.

The Foote Family of Ashburton, by Stephen Foote.

Amery, J.S. The Warrens of Headborough and their descendants, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 28, (1896) pp.494-502. [Index]
Caunter, F. Lyde. Caunter Family Records, The Author (1930). [Devon FHS Library 929.2/CAU]
Lega-Weekes, Ethel. The Freemans of Ashburton, Buckfastleigh, Bovey Tracey etc. Trans Devonshire Assoc; v.45 (1913) pp450-454. [Index]
Radcliffe, Geoffrey R.Y. Yonge of Ashburton. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 8:1, (1914) pp.29. [Refers to vol.7, p.272.]
Schurman, Gloria Knott. William Knott of Ashburton, Devon, England: the history of the Knott family and related families. Ferndale, Michigan: the author, 1995. [18-20th c., also of the United States]
Thomas, Hazel E. The Skinners of Ashburton and District. [DFHS Library p929.2/SKI]
Thomas, Hazel E. The Hallse/Halse Family of Ashburton Devon. [DFHS Library p929.2/HAL]
Glanville of Ashburton, Devon, Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica (New Series) 4, 1884, pp. 16-17. [Parish register extracts.]

History

Anne Bligh's Old Ashburton website - photographs of Ashburton, plus detailed accounts of the Wilderness and Greylands Schools.

Amery, J.S. [Ashburton] Presidential address, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 56, (1924) pp.43-102.
Amery, P.F.S. Sketch of Ashburton and the Woollen Trade, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 8 (1876), pp. 323-350. [Index]
Amery, Peter Fabyan Spark. Old Ashburton: recollections of Master Robert Prideaux. Totnes: T. & A. Mortimore (1882) 72p.[Description & travel. 1510-1569]
Amery, Peter Fabyan Spark. Ashburton in ye good old times: Robert Prideaux (attorney-at- law) his recollections, Totnes, Times & Western Guardian (1891) 39 pp. [Westcountry Studies Library: sB/ASH 1/1510/AME] [Description & travel. 1510-1525]
Amery, P.F.S. A tangle in the history of Ashburton, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 28, (1896) pp.209-218. [Index]
Amery, P.F.S. Bull-ring at Ashburton, Devon & Cornwall notes & Queries, vol. 1, no. 1, (1900) pp.26-28. [Index]
Amery, P.F.S. Election day treating in the last century, Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries, vol. 1, no. 2, (1900) pp.44-45. [Election expenses, 1796]
Brown, Mike. A Few Sheaves of Devon History [Transcripts]: Ashburton, Dartmoor Press (2001).
Germon, John and Pete Webb. Ashburton of yesteryear. Exeter: Obelisk (1993) 32 pp. [ISBN: 0946651744 (pbk)] [Westcountry Studies Library: pB/ASH 1/1900/GER].
Hanham, Harold John. The Suppression of the Chantries in Ashburton. Trans. Devon Assoc. 99 (1967) pp.111-137.
Hands, Stuart and Webb, Peter. The Book of Ashburton: Pictorial History of a Dartmoor Stannary Town, Halsgrove (2004) 160 pp. [ISBN 1841143472] [Index]
Homer, Ronald F. The Whiddon Tin Mine, Ashburton [1846-1849], Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 128, (1996) pp.155-169: ill. [Discovery of record book for 1846-49 activity. Appendices detail the book itself and the workforce.]
Norris, William. Apportionment of the rent charge in lieu of tithes in the parish of Ashburton...valuation for a new poor rate...survey made..1840 .Exeter: W.C.Pollard (1841) 89p.
Pilkington, Francis. Ashburton: the Dartmoor town (Rev. & updated ed.). Exeter: Devon, 1989, [96] pp. ill., maps ISBN: 0861148460 (pbk).
Satterly, John. Memories of Ashburton in late Victorian days. Trans. Devon Assoc. 84 (1952) pp. 20-51, plates: ill.
Reichel, Oswald J. The Domesday Hundreds, Part 5: The Hundred of Teignbridge. Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 29 (1897), pp. 225-244. [Index]
Searley, A.W. Ashburton and its neighbourhood or the antiquities and history... compiled by Charles Worthy; added to and bound by A.W.Searley, Ashburton, L.B. Varder (1875) xxxv, 159p: ill. [Westcountry Studies Library: sB/ASH 1/1875/ASH] [Full text]
Webb, Peter. Ashburton & Buckfastleigh Cottage Hospital, South Devon Healthcare Trust (1998) [20]p: ill, ports. [Westcountry Studies Library: p362.11/ASH/WEB] [History, 1875-1998]
Webb, Peter D. Past Portreeves of Ashburton: A short history of the office of Portreeve in Ashburton, The Author (2007).
Williams, H. Fulford. The Borough and Parish of Ashburton, Devon: being the notes of the Rev. Jones 1825 with some additional notes from various sources. Typescript (1962) 15 leaves. [Westcountry Studies Library]
Woolner, Diana & Alexander Woolner. Teignbridge and the Haldon Road. Trans. Devon. Assoc. 86 (1954) pp.211-27.
Woolner, Diana & A Woolner. Teignbridge and the Haldon Road Supplement. Trans. Devon. Assoc. 91 (1959) pp.149-51.
Worth, R.N. The Ancient Stannary of Ashburton, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 8 (1876), pp. 311-322. [Index]
Worthy, Charles. Ashburton and its neighbourhood: or, the antiquities and history of the Borough of Ashburton in the County of Devon, and of the parishes of Buckland-in-the-Moor and Bickington (its ancient dependencies): with a minute description of their respective churches, and of the Chantry Chapel of St. Lawrence, the old "Free Scole of Aysheberton": together with an account of several of the adjacent manors & churches. Ashburton: L. B. Varder, 1875, 160, xxxvi pp. [Available on CD from Archive CD] [Full text]

Land and Property

Legal documents relating to Susanna Waycott (née Venning), dated 1853, transcribed by Maureen Kenchington.

Brown, Mike. Ashburton. In "Dartmoor Tithe Apportionments, Vol. 4". The Dartmoor Press (c1997) 16p.
Norris, William. Apportionment of the rent charge in lieu of tithes in the parish of Ashburton ... valuation for a new poor rate ... survey made ...1840, Exeter, W.C. Pollard (1841) 89 pp. [Westcountry Studies Library: sx336.22/ASH/NOR]

Manors

Hanham, H.J. A Tangle Untangled: the Lordship of the Manor and Borough of Ashburton. Trans. Devon Assoc. 94 (1962) pp.440-457.

Merchant Marine

Troup, F.B. Bounties to Seamen at Ashburton, 1793. Devon Notes and Queries 1 (1900-01) pp.197-198. [Names of 70 committee members appended.]

Military History

Amery, P.F.S. Prisoners of war at Ashburton, Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries, vol. 2, no. 6, (1903) pp.185-187, plates: ill.
Brewer, Dave. Napoleonic prisoners of war at Ashburton [1800-1815], Dartmoor Magazine, vol. 12, (1988) pp.24-25; ill.
Tucker, H. Scott. French prisoners of war at Ashburton, Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries, vol. 6, no. 3, (1910) pp.80.

Names, Personal

Names from an 1822-23 edition of Pigot's Directory.

Politics and Government

Hanham, H.J. Ashburton as a Parliamentary Borough. Trans. Devon Assoc. 98 (1966) pp.202-256. [Raymond: Includes pedigree showing connections of Peryam, Davie and Reynell, 17th-18th c., and a list of M.P's, 1640-1865.]
Pearson, J.B. The Representatives of the Borough of Ashburton. Trans. Devon Assoc. vol. 28 (1896) pp.219-227. [Index]

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Evans, H.R. Poor-Law Administration at Ashburton from 1598 to 1612. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 25 (1952) pp.41-47.
Tapley-Soper, H. An Ashburton Petition. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 11, (1920-21) p.30. [Transcript]

Probate Records

Will of Peter Cranch (1771) transcribed by Kathryn Barnett.

Will of Richard Yolland (1620) transcribed by John Yolland.

Summary of the will of Mary Wreford (1761), provided by John Moore.

Transcript of the will of William Waycott (1846) by Maureen Kenchington.

Transcript of the will of John Skinner (1825), provided by Tim Skinner.

Transcript by Ros Dunning of the will of Jeffery Michelmore (1852), provided by Michael Mitchelmore.

Watkin. Hugh R. Draft Will of Thomas Harris of Ashburton [1619]. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 11 (1920-21) pp.49-50. [Index] [Transcript]

Schools

The Wilderness and Greylands Schools, from Anne Bligh's Old Ashburton website.

Amery, P.F.S. Bishop Stapledon and Ashburton, Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries, vol. 2, no. 6, (1903) pp.161-163, plates: port. ill. [Foundation of Ashburton school] [Index]
Graf, W.S. Ashburton Grammar School: The story of six hundred years. (pp. vi. 63. S. T. Elson: Ashburton, [1938.] 8o.
Stephan, John. Some notes on Ashburton Grammar School, Trans. Devon. Assoc., (1959) pp.112-125.
Ashburton Grammar School: Staff Register, 1876-1937, Manuscript (1937). [Devon R.O.]
Ashburton School, 1958-1983, Ashburton, The School (1983) 28p: ill. [Westcountry Studies Library: p373/ASH/ASH]

Taxation

Amery, J.S. Residents in Ashburton and the Adjoining Parishes in 1588. Trans. Devon Assoc. 28 (1896) pp.247-256. [Subsidy] [Index]
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Last updated: 17 Oct 2014 - Brian Randell

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