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BICTON

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"BICTON parish, on the west side of the river Otter, 4 miles W.S.W. of Sidmouth and 11 miles E.S.E. of Exeter, contains 1184 acres, and has only 198 inhabitants, of whom 137 are in YETTINGTON hamlet, on the high road, near the large and beautiful park of BICTON HOUSE, the seat of Lady Rolle, relict of the late Lord Rolle, who died in 1842, without issue, in the 86th year of his age. . . . Bicton Church, (Holy Trinity,) is a small ancient structure, situated in a romantic spot, encircled by a beautiful screen of woods, in the lower part of the park, but it will be taken down after the completion of the handsome new church, now (1849,) erecting near it by Lady Rolle. . . ." [From White's Devonshire Directory (1850)]

Also known as Bixton and as Bickington. A parish in East Budleigh Hundred, the Archdeaconry and the Diocese of Exeter. Part of the Otter Valley area.

Biography

Howard, Elizabeth. The Hon. Mark Rolle of Stevenstone and Bicton 1835-1907. EGH07 (2007) 130 pp. [ISBN-13: 978-0955762109]

Cemeteries

MIs for this parish are included in the Incledon index - see under Cemeteries on the main Devon page.

Census

Transcription of the 1841 Census, provided by Ros Hickman.

Church History

Gendall, L.A. Bicton church, [Exeter], [L.A.Gendall?] (1850) viii, 33p, [12]p of pls. [Westcountry Studies Library: sf726.5/BIC/GEN]

Church Records

Parish Registers going back to 1557 are held in the Devon Record Office - for details see Parish Registers in the Devon Record Office.

The Devon FHS publishes indexes covering (as of June 2004): Marriages 1754-1837, Burials 1725-1845 - for details see their book list.

Nothing entered into the IGI (as of Jan 1993).

Granville, Roger & Mugford, W.E. (eds.) Bicton, 1620-1638. Abstracts of the Existing Transcripts of the Lost Parish- Registers of Devon, 1596-1644, and short notes on the extant pre- reformation registers of all the parishes in the county, from particulars furnished by the several incumbents thereof. Vol. 1 A- Bra. Exeter: W. Pollard (1908). [Full text]
The Deanery of Aylesbeare: An index of baptisms, marriages and burials in the parishes of Aylesbeare, Bicton, Branscombe, Broadclyst, Clyst Honiton, Clyst St.George, Clyst St.Mary, Colaton Raleigh, East Budleigh, Farringdon, Harpford, Huxham, Littleham, Lympstone, Otterton, Ottery St. Mary, Pinhoe, Poltimore, Rockbeare, Salcombe Regis, Sidbury, Sidmouth, Sowton, Stoke Canon, Topsham, Venn Ottery, Whimple, Withycombe Raleigh and Woodbury. With photographs of the churches and extracts from White's Devonshire Directory 1850 and Lewis' Topographical Dictionary of England 1844, CD-ROM, Exeter, Devon FHS (2012). [Aylesbeare Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Bicton Bapt: 1813-1843, Mar: 1755-1835, Bur: 1813-1852, Bur: 1725-1845 (BTs); Branscombe Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1545-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Broadclyst Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Clyst Honiton Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1836, Bur: 1813-1837; Clyst St. George Bapt: 1813-1837, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Clyst St. Mary Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1756-1840, Bur: 1813-1837; Colaton Raleigh Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; East Budleigh Bapt: 1813-1841, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; East Budleigh Salem Chapel, Bur: 1832-1837; Farringdon Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1836, Bur: 1813-1852; Glenorchy Independent Exmouth, Bur: 1784-1818; Harpford Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1755-1837, Bur: 1809-1837; Huxham Bapt: 1813-1852, Mar: 1758-1836, Bur: 1813-1864; Littleham (near Exmouth) Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Lympstone Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1836, Bur: 1813-1837; Otterton Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Ottery St. Mary Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Pinhoe Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1844, Bur: 1813-1838; Poltimore Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1800-1837; Rockbeare Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Salcombe Regis Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Sidbury Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1830, Bur: 1813-1837; Sidmouth Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Sowton Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1800-1837; Stoke Canon Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Topsham Bapt: 1813-1840, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Venn Ottery Bapt: 1813-1841, Mar: 1755-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Whimple Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1836, Bur: 1813-1837; Withycombe Raleigh Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1755-1837, Bur: 1813-1837; Woodbury Bapt: 1813-1839, Mar: 1754-1837, Bur: 1813-1837.]

Description and Travel

B. Dodd's Pinn Web Page (archived copy) contains an excellent set of photographs and information about Bicton.

Emigration and Immigration

Davey, F.A., Watts, S.G. Westward Look: Devon Pioneers and Pilgrims in the New World. Town & Country Press Ltd., 42 Rectory Lane, Bracknell, Berks. (1970) 56p. ["John Upham of Bicton" - pp.55-56]

Gazetteers

The transcription of the section for this parish from the National Gazetteer (1868), provided by Colin Hinson.

Genealogy

The Online Parish Clerk scheme's representative for this parish is Ros Hickman, who invites queries and lookup requests. (Resources: Baptisms (1557-1837); Marriages (1557-1837); Burials 1557-1837); All census returns to 1891.)

Benson, J. Arbalister, Arblaster or Alabaster, Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries 24, 1950-51, pp. 112-6. See also pp. 161-6. [Raymond: Medieval, of Bicton; also includes notes on Crawthorne, Stockhay, and Hache.]

History

General historical and descriptive information, area map from 1765, details about administrative boundaries, etc., about Bicton from the Devon Library's Local Studies Service.

Delderfield, Eric Raymond. The Raleigh Country: A brief history of Exmouth, Budleigh Salterton, East Budleigh, Otterton, Bicton, Lympstone and Topsham, with a short lifestory of that great Englishman, Sir Walter Raleigh. (Reprinted, 2nd ed.). Raleigh Press: Exmouth (1949) pp. 96 [BL 010358]
Delderfield, E. The Raleigh Country, ERD Publications (1992) 163 pp. [Lookups] [Index]
Edwards, E. Devonshire - Containing Historical, Biographical and Descriptive Notices of Exmouth & its Neighbourhood, including the Exe, Littleham, Withycombe Raleigh, East Budleigh, Otterton and Bicton, Sidmouth and Sidbury, Gittisham, Ottery St. Mary, Lympstone, and Topsham; with Notices of the Pedigree of the Rolle, Raleigh, and Courtney Families, &c. Contains Notices of some Picturesque and Antiquarian Excursions in the neighbourhood of the Exe Estuary, and along the adjacent coast, including Budleigh Salterton, Dawlish, Teignmouth, Torquay, &c., Exeter, S. Drayton & Sons (1867) 362 pp.
Florey, Malcolm. Memories of Bicton College of Agriculture [1947-1997], Bicton, The College (1998) 96p: chfly ill. [Westcountry Studies Library: sx630.711/BIC/FLO]
James, N.D.G. The Bicton Gardens Countryside Museum: a guide to the principal exhibits. East Budleigh, c/o The Agent, The Rolle Estate Office, East Budleigh, Budleigh Salterton, Devon [1975?] [BL X.319/10273]
Sheppard, Lilian. Raleigh's birthplace: the story of East Budleigh: historical jottings of East Budleigh, Bicton, Salterton, Otterton and Withycombe: [Budleigh Salterton] [Granary] [c1983] [BL X.809/58432]
Waddington-Feather, G.D & J.J. Bicton: the history of its origins and manor. [Bicton]: [Bicton Coll.of Ag] [1985?] 7p. [Westcountry Studies Library - pB/BIC 7/0001/WAD]
The lower Otter valley: sketches on local history, Budleigh, Otter Valley Assoc. (1984) 104p: ill,maps. [ISBN 0950753416]

Land and Property

Bicton Farm Accounts, etc. (1871-73), transcribed by Elizabeth Howard.

Manors

Pearson, J.B. The manors of Bicton and Kingsteignton, Trans. Devon. Assoc., vol. 37, (1905) pp.462-464. [Index]

Societies

The Otter Valley Association has an extensive web-site providing much genealogical and historical material.

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Last updated: 12 Jul 2015 - Brian Randell

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