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CREDITON

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"CREDITON is an ancient market town, picturesquely seated between two hills, on the western bank of the river Creedy, near its confluence with the small river Yew, eight miles N.W. of Exeter. . . . CREDITON PARISH comprises no less than 12,039 acres of fertile land, and had 5947 inhabitants in 1841. It is in eight divisions or tythings, of which the following are the names, with their population in 1841, viz., Crediton Borough, 2345; Canon Fee, 1411; Town, 663; Uford, 286; Uton, 384; Knowle, 392; Rudge, 265; and Woodland, 301. These tythings comprise many scattered farm houses, &c., and several handsome mansions, and extend more than two miles north, west, and south of the town. . . . The town is about a mile in length, and is in two parts, called East and West Town. The latter was formerly much more extensive than at present; upwards of 450 houses being destroyed by a great fire, in 1743. A second fire, in May, 1769, consumed many of the houses that had been built on the sites of the old ones, together with the Market house and Shambles. . . . The Church (Holy Cross,) is a spacious and handsome cruciform structure, erected in the 15th century, near the site of the ancient cathedral. . . ." [From White's Devonshire Directory (1850)]

Also known as Kirton. A parish in Crediton Hundred, under the Peculiar jurisdiction of the Bishop of Exeter. Includes Venny Tedburn, and has modern chapels of ease at Posbury and Knowle. Peskett: Coplestone is at the meeting point of the parishes of Colebrooke, Crediton and Down St. Mary.

Biography

Boylan, Patrick John. William Buckland 1784-1856: Scientific Institutions, Vertebrate Palaeontology, and Quaternary Geology, Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Leicester (1984). [Devon. R.O.]
Butler, Lewis. Sir Redvers Buller. London: Smith, Elder & Co (1909) 120p.
Cresswell, Beatrix F. Hugh Dene, clerk to the governors of the corporation [of Crediton], 1551-83. Trans. Dev. Assoc. 54 (1922).
Edwards, Alfred. Crediton Musicians. Trans. Dev. Assoc. vol. 14 (1882) pp. 163-182. [Index]
Jerrold, W.C. Sir Redvers H.Buller, V.C.: the story of his life and campaigns. London: Partridge (1900) 246p: ill.
Jones, Winslow. Sir John de Sully KG. Trans. Dev. Assoc. vol. 24 (1892) pp. 163-182. [Index]
Kelley, Alan. Samuel Rowe: no ordinary man. Devon Historian 41, (1990) pp.3-7: portrait. [Rowe was a bookseller in Plymouth before entering the church.] [1793-1853]
Marles, Peter. Seeing The Light, Devon Family Historian, vol. 144, (2012) pp.22-24. [Henry Marles, b. Crediton 1810 - a corrective biography]
Marles, Peter. Seeing The Light, Family Tree Magazine, vol. 29, no. 8, (2013) pp.28-30. [Henry Marles, b. Crediton 1810]
Melville, Charles Henderson. Life of General the Right Hon. Sir Redvers Buller, V.C.,G.C.B., G.C.M.G. London: Arnold (1923) 2 vols.
Rowe, J. Brooking. The Rev Samuel Rowe, MA, Vicar of Crediton, 1835-53. Trans. Devon Assoc. vol. 14 (1882) pp.395-401. [Index]
W., E. Richard John King. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 5:5, (1909) pp.160-161, plate: port. [See also vol.5, p.222, par.126.] [Historian, 1818-1879]
Welsford, R. & D. Giles Welford 1778-1845: Glove maker of Crediton, Author (2003). [DFHS Library - p929.2/WEL]
Welsford, R. & D. Giles Welford 1753-1835: Grocer of Crediton and Exeter, Author (2003). [DFHS Library - p929.2/WEL]
Welsford, R. & D. John Welford 1741-1822: Merchant of Crediton and Exeter, Author (2003). [DFHS Library - p929.2/WEL]
Welsford, R. & D. Nathaniel Welford 1763-1830: Haberdasher of Crediton and Exeter, Author (2003). [DFHS Library - p929.2/WEL]
Anon. Life of John Rowe, of Crediton, Devon: Who was born in 1588, and died in 1660, Religious Tract Society (c1834) 68 pp.
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Cemeteries

MIs for the parish church, Holy Trinity, Yeoford, and St Francis Chapel, Posbury, are included in the Devon FHS index - see under Cemeteries on the main Devon page.

Transcriptions of the Memorial Inscriptions for the Churchyard and the Church of the Holy Cross are held in the Society of Genealogist's Library, in Vols. 3 and 5 of Devon Memorial inscriptions (DE/M18).

Transcriptions of the Memorial Inscriptions for Yeoford are held in the Society of Genealogist's Library, in Vol. 7 of Devon Memorial inscriptions (DE/M20).

Whitmore, J.B. Devonshire Monumental Inscriptions, MS at Society of Genealogists (1951). [Extracts]
Williams, John. Monumental Inscriptions: Yeoford Gospel Hall Chapel (Plymouth Brethren) cemetery, Typescript (2012) 3 pp. [DFHS Library - Crediton parish file]

Census

Pike, Sheila. Crediton Census 1891 [RG12/] Surname Index. (1998).[Devon FHS Library 929.34235]

Church History

Crediton - from J. Stabb. Some Old Devon Churches (London: 1908-16).

Crediton Parish Church web-site.

Crediton, Holy Cross Church - photograph and brief history.

The Church Monuments Society website provides photographs and transcripts of the monuments from a small but growing set of Devon churches, including Crediton, Holy Cross Church.

Cook, Rev. David. The Church of the Holy Cross Crediton, Cardiff, A. McLay & Co. Ltd. (1979) 24 pp. [Index]
Keep, David. St Boniface and his World. Exeter: The Paternoster Press (1979) 64pp. [Index]
King, Richard John. The church of St. Mary and of the Holy Cross, at Crediton.. Exeter Diocesan Architectural Soc. Trans. 2 ser, v. 4, (1878) pp.81-113.
Hughes, T. Cann. Notes on the Vicars of Crediton since the Commonwealth. Trans. Devon Assoc. 54 (1922) pp.182-186.
Summers, Vivian. Church of the Holy Cross, Crediton, Devon. British Publishing Co.: Gloucester, (1960) [BL: 10109.m.52.]
Thorne, Roger F.S. Methodism in three parishes: the story of Copplestone Methodist Chapel, 1831-1981, Copplestone, [The Author] (1981) 45 pp. [Westcountry Studies Library p287.1/COP/THO]
White, Colin. The History of the Congregational Church in Crediton, Colin White, April Cottage, 27 Landscore, Crediton, Devon, EX17 3LW. [ISBN 0-9543285-0-7]
Whitley, H M. Inventories of the collegiate churches of the Holy Cross, Crediton, and Our Blessed Lady of Ottery. Trans. Dev. Assoc. vol. 34 (1902), pp. 551-585. [Index]

Church Records

Parish Registers going back to 1557 are held in the Devon Record Office - for details see Parish Registers in the Devon Record Office.

Transcripts of the Parish Registers going back to 1557 are held in a special collection in the Westcountry Studies Library - for details see Parish Registers in the Devon & Cornwall Record Society's Collection.

Deborah O'Brien has extracts from the marriage registers for the period 1785-1826 and offers lookups.

The Devon FHS publishes indexes covering (as of June 2004): Baptisms 1813-1843, Marriages 1754-1837, Burials 1813-1837, together with Burials 1828-1837 for Crediton Presbyterian Chapel - for details see their book list.

Other churches and chapels (with pre-1840 records):

Entered into the IGI (as of Jan 1993): Parish Church Christenings 1558-1843, and Marriages 1558-1580, 1597-1837. Bower Hill presbyterian Christenings 1735-1837, Broad Street Independent Chapel 1805-1837.
Cresswell, Beatrix F. Fifty Tudor years in a country town: Crediton Devon, 1551-1599 compiled from the accounts of the wardens of the Corporation. Typescript (1913) 177p. [Westcountry Studies Library - sB/CRE 7/0001/CRE]
Davidson, James Bridge. On Some Ancient Documents Relating to Crediton Minster. Trans. Devon Assoc. vol. 10, (1878), illus., pp. 237-254 [Index]
Davidson, James Bridge. On Some Further Documents Relating to Crediton Minster. Trans. Devon Assoc. vol. 14 (1882) pp.247-277. [Raymond: Includes transcripts of 14th c. deeds, and the will of Bartholomew of St Davids, Exeter.] [Index]
Editors. Translation of charter constituting the board of governors of Crediton church (I Edw.VI). Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 5:5, (1909) pp.179-200.
Crediton Burials, 1813-1837. [Devon]: Devon Family History Society.
Crediton Marriages, 1813-1837. [Devon]: Devon Family History Society.
Deanery Of Cadbury - Baptisms 1813-1839, Marriages 1754-1837 And Burials 1813-1837, CD060, Exeter, Devon FHS (2014). [Brampford Speke Bapt: 1813-1839 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1840; Cadbury Bapt: 1813-1839 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1837; Cadeleigh Bapt: 1813-1839 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1810-1837; Cheriton Fitzpaine Bapt: 1813-1840 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1837; Colebrooke Bapt: 1813-1839 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1837; Crediton Presbyterian Chapel Bur: 1826-1837; Crediton Bapt: 1813-1843 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1837; Down St Mary Bapt: 1813-1840 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1770-1837; Kennerleigh Bapt: 1813-1839 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1837; Morchard Bishop Bapt: 1813-1837 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1837; Nether Exe Bapt: 1814-1851 Mar: 1773-1807 Bur: 1813-1856; Newton St. Cyres Bapt: 1813-1839 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1840; Poughill Bapt: 1813-1840 Mar: 1754-1838 Bur: 1770-1837; Sandford Bapt: 1813-1838 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1837; Shobrooke Bapt: 1813-1839 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1837; Stockleigh English Bapt: 1813-1840 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1813-1837; Stockleigh Pomeroy Bapt: 1813-1843 Mar: 1752-1837 Bur: 1813-1851; Thorverton Bapt: 1813-1840 Mar: 1754-1839 Bur: 1813-1837; Upton Hellions Bapt: 1813-1842 Mar: 1754-1837 Bur: 1678-1929; Upton Pyne Bapt: 1813-1840 Mar: 1754-1838 Bur: 1800-1837.]
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Court Records

Register of Freeholders - Colyton, Crediton & East Budleigh c1816, Exeter, Devon Family History Society, (Booklet & PDF D127). [Foreword]

Description and Travel

Conservation Area Appraisals for Crediton and Yeoford - interesting account of the areas, with numerous photographs and maps.

Chudley, Cyril. Crediton 2000 Photographs for the Millenium, Crediton, Photic Beans Ltd (2000) 168 pp. [ISBN 0-9539289-0-x]
Marshall, Robert. Crediton. Devon Life vol. 6 no. 53 (1970) pp.30-31; ill.
Montague, Leopold A. D. The Official Guide to Crediton, North Devon. Issued by authority of the Crediton Urban District Council and Crediton Commercial Association. J. Burrow & Co.: Cheltenham, & London, (1922) 44 pp. [BL: 10354.a.881.]

Directories

Transcript of the entry in Pigot's Devonshire Directory of 1844.

Transcript of entry in White's Devonshire Directory of 1850.

Gazetteers

The transcription of the section for this parish from the National Gazetteer (1868), provided by Colin Hinson.

Genealogy

This parish is one of the growing number of places for which the Devon Heritage website provides census or parish register transcriptions, articles, and/or illustrations, etc.

Horrell, Clifford. The Horrell family in New Zealand. Ashburton (NZ): C.Horrell (1967) 87p. [Westcountry Studies Library - sx929.2/HOR]
Morris, G.T.Windyer. Northcott tomb in Crediton church. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 10:6, (1919) pp.218-219. [Will cited.]
Rothman, Elaina. Devon and London Connections, Devon Family Historian, vol. 154, (2015) p.25. [Kerslake family]
Trease, G.E. The ancestry of a Crediton-born artist. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 33 (8) 1977, pp. 306-8.
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History

General historical and descriptive information, area map from 1765, details about administrative boundaries, etc., about Copplestone, Crediton and Yeoford from the Devon Library's Local Studies Service.

The Crediton History page, by Stuart Smith.

Brushfield, T.N. Crediton fires in the eighteenth century. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 4:4, (1906) pp.113-118. [Supplementary to vol.4, pp.83. Church briefs discussed.]
C., J.G. Great fire at Crediton. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 4:3, (1906) pp.83-86. [Account by Micaiah Towgood, prefixed to sermon preached in 1743.]
Chancellor Edmonds, "Affair of the Crediton barns", in Memorials of old Devonshire (ed. Snell, Frederick John), London: Bemrose and sons, limited, (1904) xi, 305 pp.
Chanter, J.F. The beginnings of Crediton (A.D.550-780). Trans. Devon. Assoc. 54, (1922) pp.138-145.
Deason, Richard. The peace at Posbury. Devon Life vol. 6 no. 52 (1970) pp.28-29; ill.
Deason, Richard. The peace at Posbury. Devon Life vol. 6 no. 52 (1970) pp.28-29; ill.
Earle, John. A hand-book to the land-charters, and other Saxonic documents. Oxford: The Clarendon Press (1888), 519 pp. [Index]
King, R.J. Coplestone Cross and a Charter of Eadgar, AD 974, Trans. Devon Assoc. vol. 8 (1876), pp. 351-359. [Index]
Labbett, Albert. Albert Labbett's Crediton collection. Exeter: Obelisk (1987) ISBN: 0951763105 [BL: YV.1988.a.1546]
Labbett, Albert. Crediton 2, (1993). [ISBN 0946651698] [Devon FHS Library 942.35/CRE] [old photographs]
Little, B. Exeter, Crediton, Cullompton, Exmouth, Ottery St Mary, Tiverton and Topsham. pp. 166. B. T. Batsford: London, 1953.
Luxton, Charles. Kyrton aforetime: some pages from the history of Crediton in Devonshire, with notes on the national background. Crediton: C.Luxton (1949) [50]p: map. [Westcountry Studies Library - B/CRE 7/0001/LUX]
Pope, W. ("Kyrtonian"). Glimpses of the Past in and Around Crediton. Tiverton: Gregory & Son (1927) 96p.
Pope, W. More Glimpses of the Past in and Around Crediton. Crediton: Barnes & Co(1933) 45p.
Slee, A.H.. Victorian days in a Devon village [Knowle ]. A.H. Slee: Knowle [Devon], [1966], pp. 68. pl. VIII.
Smith, Rev Prebendary. The Early History of Crediton. Trans. Devon. Assoc. vol. 14, (1882), pp. 191-198. [Index]
Smith, C.F. Records of the Church and Parish of Crediton From the Earliest Times: With additional notes. Crediton: Barnes & Co. (1928) 38p,12p of plates.
Smith-Dorrien, W.M. Crediton: Historical Records of the Church and Parish from B.C. 54 - 1909 A.D. (3rd ed.) Crediton: E.Barnes (1920) 24p.
Stoyle, Ian. An overlooked description of Crediton. Devon Historian 45, (1992) pp.18-22.
Tuckett, John. Notes on Crediton. Manuscript [1900?] [Westcountry Studies Library - Formerly Ms.18]
Venn, T.W. An Introduction to Crediton, alias Kirton or sometimes Critton. Trans. Devon Assoc. 87 (1955) pp. 25-32.
Venn, T.W. History of Crediton. (Rev ed.) Typescript (1972) 366p. [Westcountry Studies Library - sB/CRE 7/0001/VEN]
Scraps of history relating to Crediton: a Fancy Fair circular. Exeter: Pr. by T.Latimer (1852) 34p. [Westcountry Studies Library - pB/CRE/0001/SCR]
Historical notes, correspondence etc. re the Crediton armorial window 1925-6 and notes on Crediton and Sandford. Manuscript (1926) 1 box. [Westcountry Studies Library - Formerly Ms.18]
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Land and Property

Rose-Troup, F. Crediton chapters of the tenth century. Trans. Devon. Assoc. 74, (1942) pp.237-261.
Rundell, T.W. The early charters of Crediton. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 7:8, (1913) pp.267-270. [Supplementary to vol.7, pp.184-200. See also vol.8, p112.]
Watts, Chritopher T. and Michael J. Tithe Apportionment for Crediton and Exminster. Devon Historian 21 (1980) pp.7-9.
Editors: courtesy vicar of Crediton. The early charters of Crediton. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 7:5 & 6, (1912) pp.184-200. [Bodleian library: Crawford collectn. See corrections 7, pp.270-2.]

Manors

Reichel, Oswald J. The manor and hundred of Crediton. Trans. Devon. Assoc. v. 54 (1922) pp146-181.

Maps

Devon FHS Library has a copy of a 1598 map of Crediton, with list of owners of property.

Map of the area from OldeMaps (circa 1950).

Military History

Morris, G.T.Windyer. A muster roll of 1569. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 13:4, (1924) pp.188-192. [From P.R.O. State Papers Dom.: Eliz., vol.57. See 13, p.213.]

Names, Personal

Crediton contributors to a 1678 brief for the rebuilding of St Paul's Cathedral.

Names from an 1822-23 edition of Pigot's Directory.

Newspapers

Articles on Crediton provided by Lindsey Withers from Trewman's Exeter Flying Post for 1800-1820, 1821-1840, 1841-1860, 1861-1880 and 1881-1900.

Crediton Courier web site (includes some history pages).

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Chapman, Cecil M. The Agricultural Labourer, England: Report By Mr. Cecil M. Chapman (Assistant Commissioner), upon the Poor Law Union of Crediton. In pp.89-101, London, Houses of Parliament, (1893).

Probate Records

Will of Robert Buckingham, Clothier (1610), provided by Elsie Person.

Will of John Dunscomb, Merchant Taylor of All Hallows Bread Street, City of London (1586), provided by Ed Dunscombe. (John Dunscomb had strong links to Dunscombe Barton in the parish of Crediton.)

Wills of John Snell (1654), John Lukis (1811), John Luly (1814), Mary Nosworthy (1830) and Susanna Yolland (1839) transcribed by Ros Dunning.

Will of James Buller (1772) and Husey Buller (1769), transcribed by Elizabeth Kipp.

Transcript of the will of Gilbert Burrington (1705) provided by John Moore.

Transcripts of the abstracts of the wills of John Atwill (1578) and Nicholas Atwill (1591) provided by John Moore.

Morris, G.T. Windyer. Will of Symon Slader, 1536. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 13:7, (1925) pp.322-325. [Bequests for Crediton church, Cowley and Thorverton bridges.]
Morris, G.T. Windyear. William Morrise, Kerton. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries 14 (1926-27) pp.276-277, and 15 (1928-29) pp.15-16. [Will abstract 1575]
Williams, H. Fulford. Wills of the family of Hole of Crediton and Zeal Monacorum, etc. 1547-1812. Typescript (1962) 13p. [Westcountry Studies Library - s929.2/HOL]

Schools

Earwicker, Maureen. Mark Luxton's school book 1887: Haywards School Crediton. The author (1991) 32 pp. ISBN: 0951763105 (pbk) (pbk). [BL: YK.1992.a.7103]ß∑
Luxton, Charles. Crediton Charity Schools. Trans. Devon Assoc. 87 (1955) pp.39-54. [Raymond: Includes list of treasurers, 18th-19th c.]

Societies

Crediton Area History and Museum Society web site.

Taxation

Howard, A.J. Lay subsidy roll: county of Devon: Hemyock Hundred... Crediton hundred, Typescript (1967). [D&CRS Library, Exeter: P1524]

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Last updated: 11 Feb 2016 - Brian Randell

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