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Quarter Sessions from Queen Elizabeth to Queen Anne

Illustrations of Local Government and History Drawn from Original Records (Chiefly of the County of Devon)

by

Alexander Henry Abercromby Hamilton

London: Sampson Lowe, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, Crown Buildings, 188 Fleet Street (1878) 364 pp.

Prepared by Michael Steer

The Courts of Quarter Sessions were periodic courts held in each county and county borough in England and Wales until 1972. They derive their name from the fact that they were required by a statute of 1388 to be held at least four times a year. These were later settled as Epiphany, Easter, Midsummer and Michaelmas sessions. A print copy of the book, dedicated by its author to the Earl of Devon, is held at the University of Toronto Library and was produced from a digital copy that can be downloaded from https://archive.org/details/quartersessionsf00hamiuoft
Microsoft (MSN) has sponsored the digitisation of books from several libraries to help build the Open Content Alliance. These books, on which copyright has expired, are available for free educational and research use, both as individual books and as full collections to aid researchers.
CONTENTS,

INTRODUCTION ix
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH 1
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER JAMES THE FIRST. PART I 35
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER JAMES THE FIRST. PART II 66
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER CHARLES THE FIRST 100
QUARTER SESSIONS DURING THE CIVIL WAR 127
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER THE COMMONWEALTH 150
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER CHARLES THE SECOND. PART I 172
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER CHARLES THE SECOND. PART II 201
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER JAMES THE SECOND 225
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER WILLIAM AND MARY 251
QUARTER SESSIONS UNDER QUEEN ANNE 267
THE TRIAL OF TWO QUAKERS IN THE TIME OF OLIVER
CROMWELL 295
THE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE FOR THE COUNTY OF DEVON
IN THE YEAR 1592 321
THE JURISDICTION OF THE LORD WARDEN OF THE STANNARIES
IN THE TIME OF SIR WALTER RALEIGH 349
THE CASTLE OF EXETER 354
INDEX 361

INDEX

Abbott, William, 336.
Aberdena, Moses, 214.
Acland, Sir H., 191 ; Hugh, 338 ;
Sir John (1592), 338; (1646), 148.
Addison, 291.
Address to William III., 263.
Address to Queen Anne, 277, 278.
Albemarle, the first Duke of, 171 ; the second Duke of, 199, 226, 228.
Alehouses, 71, 74, 115, 138, 150, 190.
Ameredith, Edward, 337.
Amersham, Parish Register, 256, 266.
Anne, Queen, 267; state of England in her reign, 281.
Annesley, Dr., Dean of Exeter, 226.
Ansley, Ralph, 299, 314.
Armada, 98, 322.
Assassination Plot, 262.
Assizes, 30, 236.
Association of County of Bucks, 262.
Athelstan, 356.
Austen, John, 131.
Babbington, Mr. 133.
Babington, Bishop, 19; Thomas, 74.
Bacon, Lord, 35, 38, 47.
Badgers, 26, 270.
Bagg, Sir James, 107, 109.
Bampfield, Sir Coplestone, 185, 191, 279 ; Thomas, Speaker, 169 ; Richard, 337.
Baronets, creation of, 56.
Bath, William, Earl of, 2, 3, IO, 57, 78, 324, 330 ; John, Earl of, 218, 226, 242, 254.
Bedford, Earl of, 4, 50, 128.
Benevolence of 1614, 42 ; of 1622, 52, 65
Billeting soldiers, 107, 261.
Black Assize, the, 29.
Bloody Assize, the, 236, &c.
Bohemia, 57.
Bradninch, 245.
Bridgewater, Earl of, 275.
Brioniis, De, 357.
Brookes, George, naval chaplain, 299, &c.
Brugis, Richard, 247.
Buckhurst, Lord Treasurer, 2, 7, 24.
Bucks, county of, 222, 246, 255, 274.
Calendar of prisoners in 1598, 33.
Carew of Antony, 99, 290, 342 ; of Haccombe, 77 ; Sir Thomas, 211, 213, 218.
Cary, Sir George, of Cockington, 3, 8, 9, ii, 21, 23, 341 ; George, of Clovelly, 340 ; Sir Henry, 130 ; William, 51.
Cavaliers, 137, 141.
Champernowne, Sir Richard, 345.
Charles I., 100.
Charles II., 172, 201.
Chevalier, M. 100.
Chichester, Amias, 67.
Christian names, 166, 266, 279.
Chudleigh, Sir George, 167, 134.
Church ales, 73, 99.
Churchill, Lord, 235.
Civil War, 127.
Claimant, a, 87.
Clapp, Maudlin, 140.
Clarendon, Earl of, 219.
Clerk of the Peace, 68, 145, 253, &c.
Cliffe, Jacob, letter from, 230.
Coffin, John, 77 ; Richard, 227 ; letters to him, 228, &c.
Coke, Sir Edward, 44.
Commission of the Peace (1592), 2, 324 ; (1647), 144 ; (1651), 151 ; (1653), 152 ; (1659), 153.
Commonwealth, the, 150.
Conventicles, 177, 222.
Cornwall, 8.
Corruption, 82, 244.
Corporations, disloyalty of, 184, 186, 188.
Cottage, licence to build a, 27, 164.
Cotton, Arthur, a Quaker, 303, &c.
Council, letters from the, 2, 7, 10, 19, 21,42,48,52, 67, 73, 78, 95,97, 116, 186, 217.
Council, of Elizabeth, 2, 7, 328 ; of James I., 44, 54; of Charles II., 187, 217.
County rates, 207.
Courtenay, Sir William, 2, 8, 77, 78, 89, 205, 255, 324, 332.
Coventry, Sir W., 205.
Coverley, Sir Roger de, 291.
Crediton, 94, 137.
Cromwell, Oliver, 147, 148, 1 60, 296; Richard, 161, 165.
Crosse, Robert, 345.
Cruwys of Cruwys Morchard, 77.
Crymes, William, 340.
Cucking, 84.
Cullompton, 20, 1 1 6.
Dearth (1608), 91; (1630), 101.
Debtors, 210.
Dennis, Sir Thomas, 341 ; Sir Robert, 345.
Desborough, Major-General, 153,167, 309, &c.
D'Ewes, Sir Simonds, 44, 139.
Dialect, Devonshire, 112.
Dillon, Robert, 339.
Dodridge, Sir John, judge, 50.
Dohna, Baron, the Bohemian ambassador, 57.
Drake, Sir Bernard, 337 ; Sir Francis (1592), 2, 19, 324, 334 ; (1660) 170 ; Robert, 337.
Drewe, Edward, 3, 343.
Duchy of Cornwall, 5.
Dunning, Richard, on Devonshire labourers, 14.
Edgcombe, Peter, 342.
Eliot, Sir John, 108.
Elizabeth, Queen, 2, 4, 22, 349.
English, Peter, 135.
Essex, Earl of, 87, 135.
Evans, Richard, 148, 241.
Execution of prisoners in 1598, 30; in 1685, 238.
Exeter, 117, 130, 136, &c.; Castle of, 29,128, 142, 1 66, 195 ; account of, 354
Fairfax, 136, 144, 147; letter of, 141.
Fee farm rents, 216.
Feversham, Lord, 235.
Fines, 179, 180.
Fires, 19, 90.
Fish, salting, 24, 26.
Fisheries, 220.
Fitzwilliams, Henry, 199, 207.
Flear, Mrs., 76.
Fortescue, 9, 336; Sir Peter, 185 ; Sir John, 222.
Fox, George, 308.
Frederick, King of Bohemia, 57.
Fulford, Sir Francis, 51, 130.
Fuller, 3.
Fursdon, 76.
Gale, George, 338.
Galleys, 31.
Galway, Earl of, 277.
Game laws, 89, 162, 269.
Gannicliffe, Nicholas, a Quaker, 300.
Gidley, Captain, 128.
Gifford, Roger, 340.
Gilbert, Humphrey, 205 ; Sir John, 2, 8, 324, 333.
Gill, Nicholas, 84.
Gipsies, 220.
Glanvyle, Serjeant, afterwards Judge, 3, 343
Godolphin, Sir Francis, 342.
Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, 4, 77, 336 ; Tristram, 336.
Gray, Lord, 236.
Green Cloth, Board of, 9, 41.
Halhead, Miles, a Quaker, 297, &c.
Hampden, Richard, 259.
Hancock, Mr., 25.
Harris, Arthur, 340; Christopher, 342 ; John, 299, &c. ; Serjeant, 3, 343
Hawkins, Sir Richard, 62.
Hearth-money, 201, 224.
Hele, Elize, 217, 339; John, 343;
Thomas, 338.
Holsworthy, 18.
Hudibras, 85, 290.
Hughenden, 122.
Hunsdon, Baron, 9.
Hutchinson, Dr., 75.
Inchiquin, Lord, 150.
Indictments, 157, 176, 186, 242, 248, 260.
Irish, 204.
James I., 32, 35, 66, 71.
James II., 225, 234, 246.
Jeffrey, John, Captain of the "Nantwich", 320.
Jeffreys, Judge, 223, 227, 239.
Jennings, Abraham, 62 ; Jacob, 312.
Justices of Assize, 68, 81, 82, 115.
Justices of the Peace, I, 67, 286.
Justices of Devon, letters from, 8, 10, 45, 91, 93, "6, 169, 328, 351.
Justices of Devon in 1592, 321, &c.
Justices who subscribed to the benevolence of 1622, 65.
Kas Isa, a Chaldean minister, 214.
Kekewich, George, 342.
Kingsley, Charles, 330.
Kirkham, Sir William, 77, 339.
Knollys, Sir W., 37.
Lamplugh, Bishop of Exeter, 241.
Larke, Sampson, 181.
Leach, Simon, 54.
Lee or Leigh, of Northam, 98.
Lenthall, William, Speaker, 152, 153, 169
Libels, 241.
Licences, 26, 89, 270.
Lucy, Sir Thomas, 288.
Luttrell , Colonel, 232.
Lydford, 151.
Lyme, 141, 219, 228.
Macaulay, on hearth-money, 202.
Machim, William, 87.
Maimed soldiers, 18, 141, 151, 173, 253
Malt, prohibition of, 101.
Mariners, 107, 217, 275.
Markets, 103.
Marlborough; Duke of, 274, 277.
Martyn, Sir Nicholas, 134 ; William, 253
Maurice, Prince, 128, 130.
Maynard, Sir John, 215.
Monk, Anthony, 338 ; Sir Thomas, 167; George, Duke of Albemarle, 168, 171.
Monmouth, Duke of, 225, 232, 236.
Monopolies, 23.
Morrice, Sir William, 170, 187, 205, 219.
Mulberry-trees, 95.
Newhaven, Viscount, 275.
Nonconformists, 173, 196, 234, 251, 258.
Northcote, Sir Arthur, 185, 191, 236 ; John, 120 ; Sir John, 134, 170, 171 ; John, Clerk of the Peace for Devon, 213.
Northmore, Thomas, letters from, 227, &c.
Oath of Clergy, 198.
Oath of Justices, 2, 325, &c.
Offences, 83, in, 154, 155, 156, 159, 178.
Orders, public, of Sessions, 16, 138, 143, 182, 188, 192, 197, 212, 352.
Paige, John, Mayor of Plymouth, 299, &c.
Pakington, Sir John, 293.
Parker, Edmund, 337.
Paulet, Lord, 138.
Peamore, 136.
Pembroke, Earl of, 353.
Penruddock, Colonel, 174.
Pepys, Samuel, 177, 206, 211, 218.
Perkins, Major, 143.
Peryam, Sir William, Chief Baron, 3, 343
Peterborough, Earl of, 277.
Petition to the King, 124; to the
Parliament, 122.
Piracy, 64, 88.
Plague, 90, 105, 219.
Plymouth, 107, 297, &c.
Pole, Sir William, 290, 340.
Pollard, Hugh, 3, 344 ; Sir Hugh, 219.
Poor, Relief of the, 15.
Popham, Peter, 299.
Posse Comitatus, 129, 230.
Potter, Richard, Captain of the "Constant Warwick", 320. .
Powderham, 136.
Prague, battle of, 62.
Price of corn in 1608, 92 ; in 1630, 102.
Price of meat in 1593, 10; in 1622, 40.
Prideaux, Edmund, 145, 239 ; Sir Edmund, 343 ; Thomas, 344.
Pringe, Agnes, 85.
Prisoners, 30, 101, 208, 243, 260.
Privy Seals in 1598, 21.
Protestation, the, of 1641, 132.
Purveyance under Elizabeth, 6 ; under James I., 36; under Charles I., 110.
Quakers, 164, 258 ; Trial of two, 295
Quicke of Newton St. Cyres, 153.
Raleigh, Sir Walter, 4, $, 346, 349 ; letter from, 350.
Ramilies, battle of, 276.
Rates of carriage, 259 ; of quarters, 261.
Recusants, 2, 27, 74, 81, 121, 222, 258, 324
Renell, Hilary, 157.
Revels, 28, 115, 139.
Reynell, Sir Thomas, 340.
Richards, Roger, 84.
Ridgeway, Sir Thomas, 37, 39, 344.
Robertshaw, Benjamin, 257.
Rogues, 17, 104, 247.
Rolle, Sir Henry, 56; Sir John, 185: Sir Samuel, 134.
Rosemond, Thomas, 131.
Rous, Anthony, 342.
Rowe, Nicholas, 145.
Russell, Francis, 257.
Rye House Plot, 192, 223.
Ryswick, Treaty of, 263.
Sainthill, Captain, 135.
St. John, Oliver, 47.
St. Leger, Sir John, 345.
Salt, price of, 265, 272.
Salthouse, Thomas, a Quaker, 297, &c.
Searle, John, 129 ; Robert, 144.
Sedgemoor, battle of, 226, 236.
Sentences, 30, 84, 112, 154, 160, 178, 180, 199.
Sexton, Gawen, 159.
Seymour, Sir Edward (1592), 8, 37, 331, 335 ; (1682) 191, 246.
Shallow, 287.
Sheriff, 12.
Ship-money, 118.
Sidmouth, 129.
Sign posts, 271.
Skolster, a, 85.
Smyth, Sir George, 51.
Soldiers, 107 ; pressing, 19, 107, 275-
Southcott, Thomas, 355-
Spain, war with, 107, 322.
Sparry, Richard, 337.
Speccott, Humphry, 339.
Spurwell, Richard, 299, &c.
Stannaries, 4, 6, 349.
Strode, William, 12, 89, 340.
Strubbing, 220.
Style, James, 130.
Sunderland, Lord, 234.
Sutclif, Dean, 60.
Swearing, 153.
Tanfield, Sir Lawrence, 82.
Taunton, 228, 233.
Teignmouth, 259:
Throckmorton, Sir Robert, 222.
Tichborne, 78, 339.
Tiverton, 19, 90, 128.
Toleration Act, 252, 258.
Topclyff, Richard, 76.
Topsham, 129, 225.
Torbay, French fleet in, 254.
Trankmore, John, 221.
Transportation, 174, 219.
Treasurer of the Household, letter from, 36.
Treasurer, County, 114, 199, 208.
Turkish captivity, 62, 2 1 1.
Turks, 213, 238.
Union with Scotland, 278.
Vagrants, 16, 104, 247, 268.
Vaughan, Charles, Clerk of the Peace for Devon, 51, 129, 145 ; Hugh, 213.
Venner, Robert, 76.
Vessay, Robert, Captain of the 'Nightingale', 319.
Vynton, Julian, 64.
"Wades," 270.
Wages in Devon in 1594, 12; in 1654, 163 ; in 1714, 273.
Wages in Bucks in 1688, 249.
Walrond, William, 339.
Walton, Christopher, purveyor, 7, 11 37, 40.
Warwick, Earl of, 129.
Wells, 238.
Westward Ho ! 98, 330.
Wharton, Thomas, 256, 259, 275.
Whiddon, Edward, 339.
Whipping, 32, 160, 223, 238.
Whither-witted, 133.
William III., 206, 246, 251, 263.
Window Tax, 265.
Witchcraft, 220.
Wollocomb, 159, 233.
Wolton, John, Bishop of Exeter, 3, 331
Woollen trade, 92, 117.
Worth, Robert, 156; William, 157.
Wray, Sir John, Chief Justice in 1590, 324.
Wrey, Sir Bourchier, 242 ; John 342.
Wyott, George, 337.
Wyse, Sir Thomas, 337.
Yonge, Walter, Diary of, 54, 60, 75, 76, 89, 112, 119; Sir Walter, 205.

Last updated: 8 Apr 2012 - Brian Randell

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